You must first migrate to the UK as a temporary resident before applying for the Indefinite leave to remain status.
In this article, we’ll know how to ensure entry & successful permanent residence in the United Kingdom. Let’s begin.
Before thinking of applying for permanent residence in the UK, you must first enter as a temporary residence. However, there are diverse ways to enter the UK.
Whether you’re coming to study, work, visit, or join family, understanding the visa requirements and application process is crucial.
Here, we break down the key steps you need to take to ensure entry to the UK.
Before applying for a visa, it’s essential to determine which visa category suits your purpose of visit.
Factors such as your nationality, the reason for your visit, the duration of your stay, and your circumstances and skills will influence the type of visa you need.
● Visa for Visiting the UK: If you intend to visit the UK for a holiday, to meet family and friends, or for a business trip or short study course, you should apply for a Standard Visitor visa. However, keep in mind that you cannot take up employment in the UK with this visa.
● Visa for Studying in the UK: Depending on the length, type, and place of study, there are different visa options available for students. These include the Standard Visitor visa for short courses, the Short-term study visa for English language courses of over 6 months, the Student visa for longer courses sponsored by licensed colleges or universities, and the Child Student visa for 4 to 17-year-olds studying at independent schools.
● Visa for Working in the UK: If you plan to work in the UK, you’ll need a work visa. The type of work visa you require will depend on factors such as your skills, qualifications, job offers, sponsorship, and the nature of your work. There are various work visa options available, including visas for business, sports, charity, religion, and entrepreneurship.
● Visa for Joining Family in the UK: If you have a British citizen or someone with settlement status in the UK as a spouse, partner, or family member, you can apply for a family visa to join them. Financial support may be required, and after a certain period in the UK, you may be eligible to apply for indefinite leave to remain (ILR).
Once you have determined the appropriate visa category, it’s crucial to gather all the necessary documents and information for your application.
The requirements may vary depending on the type of visa, but some common documents include:
● Valid passport
● Completed visa application form
● Proof of financial stability
● Confirmation of accommodation in the UK
● Travel itinerary
● English language proficiency test results (if applicable)
● Educational qualifications and course details (for student visas)
● Job offer or sponsorship details (for work visas)
● Relationship documentation (for family visas)
Verifying your identity is an important part of the visa application process. You’ll typically be required to provide biometric information, such as fingerprints and a photograph, at a visa application center.
Make sure to follow the instructions provided by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) regarding the submission of biometrics.
After submitting your visa application and completing the biometric process, the UKVI will review your application.
The processing time can vary depending on the visa type and your location.
It’s essential to allow sufficient time for the application to be processed before your intended travel date.
● Tracking your Application: You can track the progress of your application using the online tracking system provided by UKVI. This allows you to stay informed about the status of your application and any additional documents or information requested.
● Receiving the Decision: Once a decision has been made on your visa application, you will receive a notification. If your application is successful, you will receive your visa vignette, which is a sticker placed on your passport, permitting you to enter the UK. It’s important to check the details on the vignette to ensure they are correct.
However, viola! You’re now in the UK. Welcome; how about that permanent resident stuff you were dreaming of? Let’s get you started.
Permanent residence in the UK is known as indefinite leave to remain.
Obtaining indefinite leave to remain, also known as settlement, grants individuals the right to live, work, study, and access benefits in the UK without any time restrictions.
Here I’ll like to tell you the way around the following:
● Eligibility for Indefinite Leave to Remain
● Applying for Indefinite Leave to Remain Based on Work Visa
● Applying for Indefinite Leave to Remain with Family in the UK
● Qualifying for Indefinite Leave to Remain after 10 Years in the UK
● Indefinite Leave to Remain for Commonwealth Citizens
● Other Ways to Apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain
To qualify for indefinite leave to remain, you must meet specific criteria based on your circumstances. If you are an EU, EEA, or Swiss citizen, you may apply for settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme. For non-EU citizens, the eligibility requirements differ based on various factors such as work visas, family connections, or residency duration.
If you hold a work visa, you may be eligible to apply for indefinite leave to remain after living and working in the UK for a certain period. Generally, the requirement is five years, but it can be shorter for individuals with tier 1, Innovator Founder, or Global Talent visas. The application process also considers the salary or financial requirements associated with your specific visa.
If you have a partner, parent, child, or other relatives who is settled in the UK, either as a British citizen or someone with indefinite leave to remain, you may be eligible to apply for indefinite leave to remain through family ties. The application process depends on the visa you hold and the settlement status of your family member.
Individuals who have lived in the UK for ten years or more may be able to apply for indefinite leave to remain based on their long-term residency. Different rules apply if you hold a visa based on your private life, and applications for this category typically open in June 2022.
Commonwealth citizens who have resided in the UK for five years under a UK Ancestry visa may be eligible to apply for indefinite leave to remain.
Additionally, some Commonwealth citizens may possess the “right of abode” in the UK, allowing them to live and work without immigration restrictions.
There are alternative routes to securing indefinite leave to remain in the UK. These include being a refugee or having humanitarian protection or Discretionary Leave, returning to the UK after having had indefinite leave to remain or serving in the armed forces. For further guidance, seeking advice from the Citizens Advice website is recommended.
You can take things forward and become a citizen aka naturalization in the UK. You get a range of benefits and opportunities. Whether you were born in the UK, married to a British citizen, have indefinite leave to remain (ILR), settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme, or fall into other special categories, find out how to get about it.
Being born in the UK does not automatically grant you British citizenship. It depends on when you were born and your parents’ circumstances. To determine your British citizenship status, it is important to check if you meet the eligibility criteria.
● If you are married to or in a civil partnership with a British citizen, you must have lived in the UK for the last 3 years to be eligible for citizenship.
● Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) or Settled Status: Having either indefinite leave to remain (ILR) or settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme will make you immediately eligible to apply for citizenship as a spouse or civil partner of a British citizen.
● Acquiring ILR: After living in the UK for 5 years, you can generally apply for indefinite leave to remain (ILR).
● Path to Citizenship: To apply for citizenship with ILR, you usually need to have lived in the UK for an additional 12 months after acquiring ILR.
If you have settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme, you are generally required to have lived in the UK for 12 months after obtaining settled status to apply for citizenship.
If you have not yet applied to the EU Settlement Scheme, it may still be possible to apply for settled status, which can then be used as a basis for a citizenship application.
● British Parentage: Having a British parent can make you eligible to apply for citizenship.
● Other Types of British Nationality: If you possess another type of British nationality, you may also be eligible to apply for British citizenship.
● British Overseas Territories Citizenship: Having a parent with British overseas territories citizenship can open up citizenship possibilities.
● Stateless Individuals: Statelessness can be a basis for eligibility to apply for British citizenship.
● Renouncing Previous Citizenship: If you previously renounced your citizenship, you may have a chance to apply for British citizenship.
● Special Circumstances: In certain exceptional circumstances, individuals may qualify for British citizenship.
● Chagossian Descendants: Direct descendants of individuals born in the British Indian Ocean Territory may be eligible for citizenship.
● Windrush Scheme: Commonwealth citizens who arrived in the UK before 1973 and have resided in the country for more than two years may be eligible to apply for citizenship under the Windrush Scheme.
● Right of Abode: Some Commonwealth citizens have the right of abode in the UK, which allows them to live and work in the country without immigration restrictions. It is advisable to check eligibility to prove the right of abode.
As part of the visa application process, most migrants need to pay the immigration health surcharge, which grants access to the UK’s National Health Service (NHS). The surcharge is mandatory, even if you plan to use private healthcare. The cost varies depending on your age and visa type, ranging from £470 to £624 per year.
The cost of living in the UK varies depending on your location. It’s important to consider expenses such as rent, utility bills, council tax, food, transportation, entertainment, and sending money back home. Create a monthly budget to manage your finances effectively.
You can start searching for accommodation in the UK from your home country using online property listings. Estate agents’ websites and aggregator sites provide a wide range of rental property options. You can filter your search based on your budget and preferences. International students can also inquire about halls of residence or approved student-friendly landlords through their college or university.
For me, the UK is among the most anticipated countries for immigrants all over the world. The reasons are traceable to her standard schools, well-paid jobs, soft life, and more.
Ensuring entry and successful permanent residency in the United Kingdom requires understanding the visa requirements, choosing the right visa category based on your purpose of visit, and preparing a comprehensive application with all the necessary documents.
When you get Indefinite leave to remain in the UK, feel free to become a citizen.